Andrussow oxidation

What is Andrussow oxidation?

The Andrussow oxidation, also referred to as the Andrussow process, was initially described by Andrussov in 1927. This industrial process is primarily utilized to produce hydrogen cyanide HCN by reacting methane CH4, ammonia NH3, and oxygen O2 over a 90% Pt–10% Rh catalyst at a temperature range of 1050-1100 ºC and 2 atm.

Andrussov oxidation - Andrussov process
Andrussow oxidation


Andrussow, L. (1927), Über die schnell verlaufenden katalytischen Prozesse in strömenden Gasen und die Ammoniak-Oxydation (V). [On the rapid catalytic processes in flowing gases and ammonia oxidation (V).] Ber. dtsch. Chem. Ges. A/B, 60: 2005-2018.