Wurtz reaction

What is Wurtz reaction?

The Wurtz reaction is a chemical process that involves the coupling of two alkyl radicals by treating two moles of alkyl halides with two moles of sodium.

Wurtz reaction - sodium
Wurtz reaction


  • A. Wurtz, Ann. Chim. Phys. 44, 275 (1855)
  • Wurtz, A. (1855), Ueber eine neue Klasse organischer Radicale. [On a new class of organic radicals.] Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 96: 364-375. https://doi.org/10.1002/jlac.18550960310