Benzilic acid rearrangement

What is benzilic acid rearrangement?

The benzilic acid rearrangement, also known as the benzil-benzilic acid rearrangement, is a chemical reaction that occurs when benzil is treated with a base.

Benzilic acid rearrangement - benzil-benzilic acid rearrangement
Benzilic acid rearrangement

The benzilic acid rearrangement involves the migration of a phenyl group, leading to the formation of benzylic acid. It’s worth noting that this type of rearrangement is not exclusive to benzil and can also occur in α-dicarbonyl compounds involving the migration of other groups.