Basic Lab Operations Experiments

In these experiments of basic laboratory operations, a series of procedures and manipulations are described in order to familiarize the student with the routine work of an organic chemistry laboratory.

Image taken by Angel Sánchez Angel Sanchez

Basic laboratory operations

They can be defined as a series of basic procedures that are usually performed in a laboratory. Therefore, the student will need to acquire them in order to be able to perform with dexterity in the organic chemistry laboratory.

The main basic lab operation in an organic chemistry laboratory are listed below:

List of basic-lab-operation experiments

In addition, some relatively simple practices of basic laboratory operations have been chosen. They serve, in fact, as a pretext for the development of these basic lab operations. In this way, the student will be able to acquire the necessary skills and abilities to be able to perform autonomously an experiment in the laboratory.

It has been tried to be of lesser to greater complexity, both in terms of the theoretical bases, as well as the assemblies that allow its development.

A selection of basic lab operations experiments are described below:

  1. Recrystallization of organic compounds in water and organic solvents
  2. Separation of the components of a mixture
  3. Simple distillation: obtaining ethanol from wine
  4. Fractional distillation of an acetone/water mixture
  5. Separation of pigments from spinach leaves
  6. Isolation of caffeine from soluble coffee
  7. Preparation of ethyl acetate
  8. Obtaining cloves and cinnamon oils (rotovap)
  9. Obtaining sunflower oil from seeds (Soxhlet)


Video about Common Lab Operations